2024 End of Year Tax Planning

End of Financial Year

In a previous article (see here), we discussed the ideal timing for tax planning.  It is crucial to regularly assess your business performance and implement strategies that optimise tax outcomes.  We recommend conducting a minimum quarterly review of your business to allow ample time for the implementation of growth and tax-related strategies.

If you haven’t yet reviewed your business performance and tax outcomes for this financial year, now is your final opportunity to make a difference before 30 June.

When we engage in end of year tax planning for our clients, we begin by evaluating their year-to-date performance.  This analysis provides insights into their projected financial position at year-end and estimates their tax liability for the year.

Outlined below are some key tax planning ideas for 2024, along with upcoming changes that will come into effect on 1 July 2024. 

Remember, there is still time to schedule an end-of-year tax planning meeting with us.

Depreciation of assets

Small Businesses (Aggregated turnover < $10 million)

Between 1 July 2023 and 30 June 2024, the 2023-24 Budget, the Federal Government announced that small businesses with an aggregated turnover of less than $10 million can claim the instant asset write-off for assets acquired for less than $20,000.  This was extended to 30 June 2025 as part of the 2024-25 Federal Budget.  However, the legislation for this $20,000 threshold has not yet been passed. 

Assets valued at more than $20,000 can be added to a small business depreciation pool and depreciated at 15% in the first year and 30% thereafter.

Without legislation passing, the threshold for immediate deduction of assets if $1,000.

Large Businesses (Aggregated turnover > $10 million)

For businesses with an aggregated turnover above $10 million, a deduction can be claimed for depreciation of assets based on their effective life.

EOFY Tax tip: If you are looking to acquire capital assets for your business, we recommend doing so prior to 30 June.  You may be eligible for an instant asset write-off or, if not, a deduction for depreciation.

Business tip: If you have sold an asset that you have previously written off, the sales proceeds are assessable income in full, in the year of sale.

Business tip: The tax depreciation deduction is only available once the asset is installed and ready for use.  Getting assets installed and ready for use by 30 June might be difficult for some businesses given the current lack of supply for equipment and vehicles.

Employee super

The June quarter superannuation guarantee liability is required to be paid by 28 July.  However, a business can only claim a tax deduction for employees’ superannuation when it is actually paid.  As such, to ensure you get a deduction in the current year, you need to pay your employees’ June superannuation guarantee liability prior to 30 June (cashflow permitting).  We recommend that the payment be made by 20 June (to ensure it is received and processed by the recipient superfund). 

EOFY Tax tip: Pay your employee June quarter superannuation by 20 June to get a deduction in the current financial year.

Business tip: The ATO are currently allocating considerable resources to reviewing employer compliance with paying employees’ superannuation guarantee.  There are significant penalties that apply if you pay your employee superannuation late. 

Business tip: The payment of your June quarter superannuation liability does not impact on your profit and loss position (as the superannuation liability has already been recorded in your profit and loss).  The payment before 30 June simply brings the tax deductibility of the payment forward to the current financial year.  If you make the payment after 1 July (and before the 28 July cut-off), the payment will be deductible next financial year.

Business tip: From 1 July 2024, the superannuation guarantee rate increases to 11.5%.  This will continue to increase by 0.5% per year until it reaches 12%.  This will have flow-on implications for payroll tax, workcover etc. 

Personal superannuation

You may also want to make personal contributions to super.  For the 2023/24 financial year, the maximum concessional (deducted) contribution cap is $27,500.

However, if your superannuation balance was less than $500,000 as at 30 June 2023, it may also be possible for you to contribute more super by taking advantage of the unused concessional cap carry forward rules (read our article to find out more).  You have until 30 June 2024 to make contributions to catch-up on the 2019 carried forward concessional cap.

EOFY Tax tip: If you have unusually high income during the 2024 financial year, consider whether making additional deductible superannuation contributions fits within your personal financial plan.  We recommend speaking with your financial adviser regarding your superannuation contributions.

Trade debtors

You should review your trade debtors as at 30 June.  You must ensure that any debts that are uncollectible are written off prior to 30 June in order to claim a tax deduction for the write-off in the current financial year. 

EOFY Tax tip: To write off a bad debt – you must have made reasonable and commercial attempts to recover the debt and have now determined it is uncollectible.  You then need to make a decision in writing to write off the bad debt (eg. you have removed the debt from the customer’s account and have recognised a bad debt expense).

Prepay or bring forward your expenses

Make sure you review all of your expenses and bring forward any expenses to June (where possible).  For example, stock up on stationery and office consumables, prepay your insurance and interest (if applicable) and look at any other expenses you may be able to pay in June.  By bringing these expenses forward to June, you are obtaining a tax deduction in the current financial year which will reduce your overall tax bill for the 2024 year.

EOFY Tax tip: If your business is in a loss position, it may not be advantageous to bring forward expenses to the current financial year.  Please contact us to discuss whether this strategy is appropriate for you.

Defer assessable income

Consider whether it is possible to defer your assessable income (being mindful of cashflow implications) to next financial year. 

Motor vehicles

If you are using a vehicle for a high percentage of work-related travel, make sure you keep a logbook.  Without a logbook, an individual is limited to claiming a maximum of 5,000km at $0.85 (or $4,250) in the 2024 financial year.  If you keep a logbook, you can claim the business percentage of the operating costs of the vehicle (petrol, registration, servicing, depreciation, interest etc).

Logbooks must be kept for 12 continuous weeks and remember to record your vehicle’s opening and closing odometer readings each year.

EOFY Tax tip: A logbook started prior to 30 June can be used to support a logbook claim even if the logbook isn’t completed until after 30 June.

Working from home

If you worked from home during the 2024 financial year, you may be able to claim a deduction for a percentage of the running costs of your home.  There are two different methods you can use to calculate your deduction:

(1) Revised Fixed-Rate method ($0.67 per hour) – this method covers electricity, internet, mobile and home phone, stationery and computer consumables.  It does not cover depreciation of office equipment.  If you are using this method, you must have a diary of your actual hours worked from home.

(2) Actual cost method – you can calculate and claim the work-related portion of your actual expenses provided you have kept appropriate records.

For more information about your working from home deduction – see our earlier article.

EOFY Tax tip: You must have a diary to record your hours working from home.  If you do not have diary evidence, we cannot claim a deduction for these hours.

EOFY Tax tip: The ATO will be specifically reviewing deductions for working from home during the 2024 year.  Ensure you have appropriate documentation for your hours and you are not claiming twice (eg. by claiming the rate per hour ($0.67) plus a deduction for your phone).

Trust minutes

Prior to 30 June, make sure the trustees of your discretionary trusts decide how they are going to distribute their income and capital.  This decision must be documented in a trust minute before 30 June (or as otherwise specified in your trust deed).  It is important that you review your trust income for the 2024 financial year to ensure that the trust minute accurately reflects the trustee’s intention.  Given the recent announcements from the ATO with regards to the distribution of income to adult children and other tax advantaged beneficiaries, it is important that you get tax advice for your end of year tax minutes.

EOFY Tax tip: Your trust minutes must be prepared prior to 30 June to evidence the trustee’s decision regarding the distribution.  Keep this minute with your tax records.

Rental properties

For your rental properties, if you have any expenses coming up in the next few months, try to pay these prior to 30 June – this will bring the deduction into the current tax year and will help you to reduce your 2024 tax bill.

In relation to any interest you are claiming on your rental property, make sure you only claim the interest on the loan that was used to purchase the property.  If you have drawn down on the same loan for private purposes (eg. for a holiday), the interest that relates to the private usage is not deductible.

EOFY Tax tip: Consider getting a depreciation report for your rental property.  You may be able to claim additional tax deductions for the cost of the building and potential its fixtures and fittings.

EOFY Tax tip: Consider undertaking repairs to your property prior to 30 June.

EOFY Tax tip: Rental property deductions are being specifically reviewed by the ATO during the 2024 year.  Make sure your rental expenses are correct and that you have appropriate supporting documentation.


It is important to ensure you include all cryptocurrency transactions on your tax return.  If you have had any cryptocurrency gains in the current financial year, you may wish to consider some additional tax planning measures before 30 June to reduce any tax liability.

EOFY Tax tip: Make sure you have all of your documentation available for all cryptocurrency transactions.  Noting that changing your investment from one cryptocurrency to another constitutes a transaction which may result in a tax liability. 

DISCLAIMER: The information in this article is general in nature and is not a substitute for professional advice.  Accordingly, neither TJN Accountants nor any member or employee of TJN Accountants accepts any responsibility for any loss, however caused, as a result of reliance on this general information.  We recommend that our formal advice be sought before acting in any of the areas.  The article is issued as a helpful guide to clients and for their private information.  Therefore, it should be regarded as confidential and not be made available to any person without our consent,

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